The specialist in proctology deals with the prevention, detection and treatment of diseases of the rectum and anus. For diagnostic purposes the proctologist uses such methods as proctoscopy (viewing of the anal canal) and rectoscopy (viewing of the rectum). In the context of these examinations tissue samples may also be taken and polyps and haemorrhoids treated. Both studies are very low risk and involve little or no pain. The patient may request an analgesic/sedative injection.
Although they do not eliminate haemorrhoids, creams and suppositories might help. Some haemorrhoidal creams contain steroids that reduce swelling and relieve symptoms.
If the haemorrhoids are more severe, the doctor may recommend an eraser in which the surgeon places the band in the rectum above the haemorrhoid to cut off the blood supply. The tissue dies and shrinks. The treated area becomes a scar tending to pull any remaining haemorrhoid back into the anus. Banding usually doesn’t need an anaesthetic, and most people can get back to their normal activities the next day.
It is a method involving the impact on the hemorrhoidal bump with low temperature produced by specially designed apparatus with appropriate applications – called proctological probes Although the method is technically simple to be effective, it requires a lot of experience in cryosurgery from a proctologist.
Photocoagulation (infrared coagulation) method based on irradiation of the nodule base at the site of the infusion vessel with the infrared coagulator, resulting in vasoconstriction, reduction of blood flow, and consequent reduction in the volume of the nodule. During one session, you can perform exposure to all nodules; the procedure is repeated every 2-4 weeks
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